Kapok (Ceiba pentandra) is a tropical tree belonging to the order Malvales and the family Malvaceae (previously grouped into a separate family Bombacaceae). This tree is native to the northern parts of South America, Central America and the Caribbean and to the variety C. pentandra var.

guineensis comes from west Africa. The word "kapok" is also used to refer to the fiber produced from the seeds. This tree is also known as Javanese cotton or Javanese kapok, or silk-cotton tree. Also referred to as Ceiba, the genus name, which is a sacred symbol in Mayan mythology.

This tree can grow to a height of 60-70 m and can have a trunk large enough to reach a diameter of 3 meters. This tree is widely planted in Asia, especially on the islands of Java, Malaysia, the Philippines, and the South. In Bogor there is a road that is shaded by kapok trees along its edges. When the fruit opens, the atmosphere on the streets resembles snowfall as the white cotton fibers fly in the air.
So far, cotton has been known as a protective material as the contents of interior and fashion products such as chairs, bag buoys, clothing, and pillows. In contrast to cotton, which is able to become the main material for textiles through the processing of threads and sheets of cloth. The slippery, oily, and short-fiber character of kapok, as well as its water-repellent properties, are the reasons that make kapok unsuitable to be processed into production yarn.

Not only that, kapok fruit peel ash has many benefits for humans, such as: Kapok fruit peel ash can be used to mix in soap making, besides kapok fruit peel ash has also been proven to be used as fertilizer because it contains a lot of potassium.

Furthermore, kapok seeds contain a lot of oil that can be used in the cooking oil industry and this kapok seed oil can be used for making soap and batik materials. While the cake can be used for animal feed or organic fertilizer.

Then, the kapok heart can be used for upholstery filling and a mixture of kapok fibers by crushing it first. The trunk or tree of the kapok plant is very good as a board for various purposes such as crates or packaging boxes, for cage walls and building materials. In addition, the stems of the kapok plant can be used as raw materials for making paper.

Then the bark of the kapok plant can be used for making caustic soda and the material for making ropes and the young roots and leaves of the kapok plant can be used for traditional medicinal ingredients.